Belladonna Atropa belladonna is an herb in the nightshade family that is believed to have medicinal properties. Also known as deadly nightshade, the leaves and roots of the plant are said to offer sedative effects. Its berries, however, are poisonous. Belladonna is used in homeopathy and other alternative medicine traditions as a remedy for asthma , sciatica , hemorrhoids , and pain. Compounds of the herb are also used in pharmaceutical medicine to treat irritable bowel syndrome and colitis. In Scotland, Macbeth is said to have used it to poison British troops, and it is believed Shakespeare used a belladonna potion to put Juliet to sleep. The herb has also been used as a recreational drug that produces vivid hallucinations and delirium. In modern medicine, belladonna is widely regarded as unsafe, according to the National Institutes of Health. However, some people use highly diluted belladonna supplements as a sedative, to stop bronchial spasms, to relieve colds and hay fever , to calm colicky babies, to ease motion sickness , and to treat inflammatory bowel disease.
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Atropa belladonna , commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade , is a poisonous perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae , which includes tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant aubergine. Its distribution extends from Great Britain in the west to western Ukraine and the Iranian province of Gilan in the east. It is also naturalised or introduced in some parts of Canada and the United States.
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Belladonna , Atropa belladonna , also called deadly nightshade , tall bushy herb of the nightshade family Solanaceae , the source of the crude drug of the same name. The highly poisonous plant is a native of wooded or waste areas in central and southern Eurasia. It grows to about 1. Belladonna is cultivated in France and elsewhere for the medicinal alkaloids hyoscyamine , hyoscine scopolamine , and atropine , which are used in sedatives, stimulants, and antispasmodics. Certain synthetic and semisynthetic derivatives—such as propantheline, glycopyrrolate, and methscopolamine—have been developed in order to circumvent the toxicity and undesirable side effects caused by the naturally occurring alkaloids in the dried leaves or roots. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
Belladonna Atropa belladonna is a poisonous plant that has been used as a medicine since ancient times. But it also goes by a more sinister name — deadly nightshade — that implies a darker history. When your eye doctor dilates your eyes, belladonna is in the eye drops. Belladonna, native to Europe and parts of Asia, can grow up to 5 feet. It has purple flowers and dark, inky berries that are slightly sweet. Simply touching the leaves can irritate your skin. Despite its toxicity, belladonna has some medicinal benefit. The chemicals atropine and scopolamine, which are derived from belladonna, have important medicinal properties. Atropine and scopolamine have almost the same uses, but atropine is more effective at relaxing muscle spasms and regulating heart rate.